In 1833, the scientific study of meteors began when more than 200,000 shooting stars were sighted over eastern North America. The spectacle prompted many to believe the world was coming to an end.

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In 354, African theologian Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, was born in Numidia, now Algeria. Augustine wrote many works that had a dominant influence on later Western Christian theology.

In 1637, Sir David Kirk was made co-proprietor and governor general of Newfoundland by King Charles I. Kirk, a privateer, had captured Quebec from the French in 1629.

In 1705, slaves in New France were declared `moveable property’.

In 1775, American revolutionary forces led by General Richard Montgomery captured Montreal after Gov. Gen.Guy Carleton surrendered the city.

In 1789, Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a friend, “In this world, nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”

In 1794, U.S. President George Washington sent an army into western Pennsylvania to put down the Whiskey Rebellion, which was provoked by an excise tax in 1791.

In 1805, Viennese butcher Johann Lahner invented a new sausage — he called it a frankfurter.

In 1914, New York debutante Mary Phelps Jacob was granted the first patent for a brassiere.

In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between lower Manhattan and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.

In 1936, King Edward VIII told Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin he intended to marry twice-divorced Wallis Simpson.

In 1939, American inventor Henry Jeffers demonstrated a machine that could milk more than 1,600 cows in seven hours.

In 1950, a Canadian chartered airliner crashed on Mt. L’Obiou in the French Alps, killing all 59 people on board.

In 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.

In 1960, fire in a movie house in Hamouda, Syria, took the lives of 152 school children and left 355 seriously injured.

In 1962, the “Canon of the Mass” was changed for the first time since the beginning of the seventh century when Pope John decreed that St. Joseph’s name be inserted immediately after that of the Virgin Mary.

In 1963, the first meeting of the Ontario Arts Council was held in Toronto.

In 1970, history’s worst cyclone killed more than one million people in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

In 1971, the U.S. space probe “Mariner 9″ went into orbit around Mars.

In 1974, Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., died in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter.

In 1975, the World Health Organization announced that Asia was completely free of smallpox.

In 1977, the comic strip “Li’l Abner” by Al Capp appeared in newspapers for the last time.

In 1979, CJCD — the first private radio station in the Northwest Territories — went on the air in Yellowknife.

In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

In 1982, Hughes Lapointe, former Liberal MP, cabinet minister under Louis St. Laurent, and lieutenant-governor of Quebec from 1966-78, died at the age of 71.

In 1985, Canada’s National Research Council, in collaboration with the Red Cross, was reported to have developed the world’s first microwave oven for thawing plasma.

In 1985, about 23,000 people were killed when the volcano Nevada del Ruiz, in Colombia’s Central Cordillera region, erupted.

In 1989, External Affairs Minister Joe Clark formally signed the ceremonial documents in Washington, committing Canada as the 33rd member of the Organization of American States.

In 1989, Prince Franz Josef II, of Liechtenstein, the world’s longest reigning monarch (51-year reign) at that time, died at age 83.

In 1989, champion swimmer Victor Davis died of head and spine injuries. His death came two days after he was hit by a car outside a surburban Montreal nightclub. He was 25. Police did not lay criminal charges in the accident.

In 1991, Paul-Emile Cardinal Leger died in a Montreal hospital at 87. Leger, the brother of former governor general Jules Leger, was named Archbishop of Montreal in 1950 and was elevated to cardinal three years later.

In 1995, Montreal was chosen as the international headquarters for Convention on Biological Diversity, a United Nations agency. The convention was one of the key agreements adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro by most of the world’s leaders. It sets out commitments for sustaining the environment while continuing to achieve economic goals.

In 1995, a powerful bomb explosion in a building housing American and Saudi military personnel, killed seven people in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

In 1997, Colorado Rockies outfielder Larry Walker became the first Canadian to win a MVP award in major league baseball. The native of Maple Ridge, B.C. won the honour in the National League. He led the N.L. with 49 home runs while batting .366, driving in 130 runs and recording 409 total bases.

In 1998, U.S. President Clinton agreed to pay Paula Jones $850,000 to drop her sexual harassment lawsuit, with no apology or admission of guilt, ending the four-year legal battle that had spurred the impeachment proceedings against him.

In 1998, Michel Trudeau, 23, the youngest son of former Canadian prime minister Pierre Trudeau, drowned in Kokanee Lake after being swept away by an avalanche while back-country skiing in Kokanee Glacier Provincial Park, B.C.

In 2000, the House of Representatives sent impeachment charges against Philippines President Joseph Estrada to the Senate for trial, charging him with taking millions of dollars in payoffs from illegal gambling.

In 2000, Mel Lastman was re-elected for a second three-year term as mayor of Toronto in Ontario municipal elections. It was his 12th mayoral victory. He was elected 10 times to lead the borough of North York.

In 2001, Northern Alliance soldiers marched into Kabul after Taliban forces abandoned the Afghanistan capital.

In 2003, Montreal native Eric Gagne of the Los Angeles Dodgers won the National League Cy Young Award. He was the first Canadian to win the baseball award in 32 years.

In 2003, Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore, who had refused to remove his granite Ten Commandments monument from the state courthouse, was thrown off the bench by a judicial ethics panel for having “placed himself above the law.”

In 2004, Ellen Fairclough, Canada’s first female cabinet minister, died at age 99 in Hamilton, Ont.

In 2010, Myanmar democracy leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi was released after more than seven years under house arrest.

In 2010, “Less Than Kind,” whose series star Maury Chaulkin died in July, won for best comedy, best writing in a comedy for series creators and best individual comedy performance for Benjamin Arthur at the 25th annual Gemini Awards. CBC’s Henry VIII hit “The Tudors” won best drama.

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